Patient safety refers to those processes or structures whose application helps to reduce the likelihood of exposure to the health care system leading to adverse events across a range of diseases and procedures. Patient safety aims to make health care safer for both users and health staff.

Patient safety at the hospital has become today, a growing concern for health facilities and health authorities in Africa due to the high frequency of accidents and incidents related to care procedures. It is estimated that 4% to 16% of all hospitalized patients may experience adverse events, more than half of which are associated with surgical care, and more than half are preventable.

Indeed, the health vigilance represents a permanent health watch whose objectives are the reporting, the recording, the treatment, and the investigation of the undesirable and incidental events, related to the use of products and therapeutic goods, as well as the traceability therapeutic products and goods and the response to health warnings.

The management of health vigilance aims to improve health safety, and to strengthen the capacities of expertise, coordination of vigilance, intervention, organization and control. They are based on the implementation of regulatory texts defining the organization, structures, actors, reporting obligations of incidents as well as the modalities and channels of transmission of information to ensure greater confidence in care procedures ..

Health surveillance is thus intended to improve the safety of use of health products (drugs, blood products, medical devices, tissues, cells, transplants, etc.). They monitor adverse effects and incidents related to health care procedures, with the aim of preventing risks in order to strengthen the performance of national health systems and thus reduce the number of very costly health evacuations for health care providers. States thanks to the guarantee of safety that it confers on the health system.

Thus, in the framework of the follow-up of the CIMSA 2012 of Cotonou, Benin decided to organize the 2nd edition of the CIMSA Ministerial Conference which allowed to adopt the first documents of harmonization at the level of the Africa region of national strategies to improve patient safety and risk management in health facilities.

The theme chosen for the Contribution of digital technologies in risk management and patient safety in Africa: What are the challenges for the governance of health systems and the development of medical tourism ?, wants to record the results of this 2nd CIMSA edition of Cotonou in the concrete, given that ICTs are tools that contribute to the improvement of patient care by providing a control of traceability and risk management related to the use of health products.

The conference aims to draw the attention of other ministerial authorities to the issue of the digital transformation of the governance of public and private health institutions, and to put in place appropriate strategies using digital technologies for risk management. and safety of care from a medical tourism development perspective in West African countries.