Mrs Aurèlie Adam Soulé ZOUMAROU,
Minister of Digital Economy and Communication of Benin
Chairperson of the National Scientific Committee Committee
Benin is very pleased to have hosted you in Cotonou from 18 to 22 March 2018, on the occasion of the 2nd International Conference of Ministers of Health on Patient Safety and Risk Management in Health Care Settings in Africa (CIMSA 2018) on the theme: "Contribution of digital technologies in the governance of health systems and the development of medical tourism in Africa: what are the challenges in risk management and patient safety?".
This second edition, which focuses on the use of ICTs, is part of the follow-up to the 2012 CIMSEF, which raised the awareness of the highest health authorities of the African region on issues of quality and safety in the region. institutions, and to mobilize decision makers on the need to make this issue a priority issue in the development and implementation of national health policies.
It is based on the observation that, in the absence of substantial investment to modernize national health systems, African countries are still not benefiting from the contribution of digital technologies applied to the health sector in short term E-health, yet a source of profound improvements for both patients and professionals and, very quickly, substantial savings in the entire healthcare production chain.
Thus, with respect to health education via digital and home health through connected objects that will replace systematic hospitalization, they are likely to develop. The impacts are enormous, both psychologically for the patients, and for the induced economies and for the working comfort of the hospital staff, who will be able to refocus on medical interventions requiring hospitalization.
E-health is a better quality of care, coordinated risk management and greater patient safety, through, for example, the traceability of medical procedures, the transmission of data between institutions and healthcare professionals. health, digital medical records, remote monitoring of people with chronic diseases such as diabetes, asthma or kidney failure.
It is also new techniques based on digital that significantly improve the diagnostic capabilities (ex: automatic examination of the fundus without dilation of the iris beforehand for diabetics). E-health is a response to the concerns of a society in search of autonomy, a better equality of all in access to care, a new vision of aging and dependence, particularly promoting home care .
E-health is also the inevitable corollary of the medical revolution under way, thanks to the considerable scientific and technological advances that have brought new tools and new concepts to the service of health: sequencing of the human genome, study of the polymorphism of genes, pharmacogenomics, functional imaging, nanotechnology, synthetic biology. Their application to medicine can not be conceived without digital technology.